FAQ

  1. Whether Irrigation is necessary in Assam ?
  2. What are the main reasons for slow progress
    of works?
  3. Whether the Irrigation water supplied to
    the field is free of cost? If not, what is the
    irrigation charge for different crops?
  4. Whether the farmers are paying the irrigation charge regularly? If so, what is the latest status?
  5. Why there is a delay in execution of Dhansiri Irrigation Project? When the said irrigation project will be completed?
  6. Is it a fact that several schemes have become inoperative? If so, what are the reasons and what steps being taken up by the Deptt. to make them operative?

Q.1. Whether Irrigation is necessary in Assam ?

Ans.:The rainfall in Assam though on the higher side, is not evenly spread throughout the year. Even in rainy season there are some dry spell periods on long duration during which irrigation is necessary. Also irrigation is most essential in the state of Assam, as Agriculture is the main occupation of the state. Assam is lagging far behind other states of India in respect of area coverage under irrigation. The state is also not self sufficient in food production and requires import food materials from other states. Therefore, irrigation is necessary and sector needs to be further strengthened to become self sufficient in food grains.

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Q.2. What are the main reasons for slow progress of works?

Ans.: The main constraints for slow progress of work are due to the various reasons beyond the control of the Department. The main reasons are:

  1. Land acquisition problems.
  2. Low plan allocation of fund.

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Q.3. Whether the Irrigation water supplied to the field is free of cost? If not, what is the irrigation charge for different crops?

Ans.: Irrigation water is not free of cost. The nominal charge is normally levied on farmer for utilizing the irrigation water. The irrigation charge for different crops in Assam is as under:

  Crops Rate per Bigha Rate per Hectare
1 Kharif Rs.   37.50 Rs. 281.24
2 Wheat & Other Rabi Crops Rs.   75.00 Rs. 562.50
3 Early Ahu Rs. 100.00 Rs. 751.00
4 Ahu Rs. 100.00 Rs. 751.00
5 Jute Rs.   29.00 Rs. 222.00
6 Sugarcane Rs.   29.60 Rs. 222.00

The charges will be realized by the irrigation Department through Beneficiary Committees of the Irrigation Schemes.

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Q.4.  Whether the farmers are paying the irrigation charge regularly? If so, what is the latest status?

Ans.: No cultivators are paying the water charge for irrigation voluntarily. The collection of water charge is a difficult task for the department. Lakhs of rupees are till to be collected from the cultivators. The amounts so collected form the state revenue and may be utilized for the maintenance work of irrigation projects. The realization charge so far received and balance to be realized is shown below:

REALISATION OF IRRIGATION SERVICE CHARGES
AMOUNT REALISED FROM 1994-1995 ONWARDS
Year Amount assessed to be realised
(in Rs.)
Amount actually realized
(in Rs.)
% of realisation of realisable amount
1994-1995 26,447,626.07 109,702.00 0.41%
1995-1996 21,754,212.54 61,828.00 0.28%
1996-1997 20,577,335.83 20,792.00 0.10%
1997-1998 20,147,102.47 90,951.00 0.45%
1998-1999 21,800,008.49 76,854.00 0.35%
1999-2000 24,576,652.98 58,766.00 0.24%
2000-2001 43,683,351.89 23,359.00 0.05%
2001-2002 43,384,159.86 24,178.00 0.06%
2002-2003 27,956,848.21 177,262.00 0.63%
2003-2004 21,400,000.00 258,605.00 1.21%

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Q.5  Why there is a delay in execution of Dhansiri Irrigation Project? When the said irrigation project will be completed?

Ans.: The Dhansiri Irrigation project was started in the year 1975-76 during the peaceful situation of Assam. Before the project works geared up for execution the Assam Agitation was started in 1978-79 and continued for long. The work could not be executed as per construction programme due to law and order problem in the project area. This is one of the reasons for the delay in execution causing time and cost over run. The other reasons mainly are:

  1. Land acquisition problems.
  2. Non-availability of scares materials like cement and steel.
  3. Change of river courses in upper reaches.
  4. Interstate and international aspects involving Arunachal and Bhutan.
  5. Non-availability of required funds for execution as per construction programme. The plan allocation under the Major/ Medium sector has declined in every plan periods from 13.74% in seventh plan to 6.30% in ninth plan period. Under the circumstances mentioned above, the project cost has been increased manifolds due to time and cost over run and present proposed cost of the project estimated to Rs. 41000.00 lakh as against Rs. 1583.00 lakh. The Department has proposed to complete major part of the project within the Tenth Plan Periods subject to availability of fund as per completion schedule.

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Q.6  Is it a fact that several schemes have become inoperative? If so, what are the reasons and what steps being taken up by the Deptt. to make them operative?

Ans.: Yes, it is fact that there are several schemes in inoperative state and the reasons for inoperativeness are mainly due to the following facts:

  1. Lack of proper/timely maintenance of different accessories like pumps, motors, panel board including starters & suction and delivery pipes for want of fund under the head of account M&R.
  2. Low voltage problem and lack of timely rectification of defects developed in transformer by ASEB.
  3. Lifting of transformers by ASEB personals without any proper information for use in domestic areas.
  4. Theft of HT/LT line including accessories from the pump house/barges including lack of proper co-ordination between ASEB with the Deptt. Is also liable for inoperation of many schemes.
  5. Shifting of river courses, in some cases of the lift irrigation schemes and thus leaving the intake point dry.
  6. A few schemes sustained heavy damage in flood but could not be repaired due to non-availability of Flood Restoration Fund.

With the little fund available under M&R head, the maintenance of some schemes is being done from time and put into operation. It is now proposed to renovate 128 irrigation schemes for which proposal submitted to Commissioner & Secretary, P&D vide No. IGN(P) 115/2002/Pt./25 dt. 01-03-04 for Rs. 3.477 crores. With this, it is estimated to recoup 22,000 Hect. Of lost irrigated area. The proposal was mooted in the Review Meeting of Irrigation Deptt. on 22-10-03 taken by the Hon’ble Chief Minister. For schemes where all the three components are by and large okay but not running either for defective transformers or for due to lifting of transformers by ASEB, the Deptt. is pursuing vigorously with the ASEB authority for restoration of transformers. The schemes are put into operation where the defective transformers are reinstalled after repairing.

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